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什么是资讯保安? 为什么它很重要,就业前景和其他

坐在电脑前处理信息安全问题的女性

两因素身份验证, user permissions and firewalls are some of the ways we protect our private information from outside sources. Dr. 丹尼斯回来herms, 美狮贵宾会 (美狮贵宾会) adjunct faculty member and academic partner defines information security, 作为对所有信息的保护. “这些信息可以是物理的, 比如手写的便条, 或数字, 比如电子病历,”他说.

由于技术的广泛使用, organizations in need of protection from security threats has been continuously growing. 从大型跨国公司到小型初创公司, anyone using technology to help run their business needs help avoiding security breaches.

如果你有兴趣在信息安全领域工作, 网络安全学位可能是一个很好的起点.

什么是资讯保安?资讯保安为何重要?

信息安全, 在业内被称为“信息安全”, 围绕安全三要素:机密性, 完整性和可用性.

这些原则, 你可能每天都会遇到这些问题, 在CIA的安全模型中概述并设定了保护数据的标准.

  • 保密 限制授权人员访问信息, 比如有一个pin或密码来解锁手机或电脑.
  • 完整性 确保信息只能由授权用户修改, safeguarding the information as credible and presenting the organization or site as trustworthy.
  • 可用性 要求授权用户可以在任何需要的时候访问信息. 为了实现这一点,系统需要更新和软件备份.

"网络安全专家 today are concerned more about insider threats and the human factor,”回来herms说. “人为因素被认为是任何信息安全计划中最薄弱的环节."

Dr. 丹尼斯回来herms和文本. 丹尼斯回来herms

Due to the human factor, implementing security controls no longer seems to be enough to protect data. Organizations need to now ensure employees are trained properly on top of implementing software/hardware security controls.

实现CIA安全模型可以保护信息. With growing concerns over privacy and the security of confidential information of both individuals and corporations, 企业正在将更多资源投入网络安全领域.

“大多数组织从不公布或公开他们的数据泄露. 除了减少数据丢失, 品牌声誉通常是大多数大型组织最关心的问题, 所以美狮贵宾会从未听说过最恶劣的违规行为,”回来herms说. 事实上, larger insurance companies have special policies that cover reputation to help mitigate brand damage should a breach be publicized.

Many organizations have recognized the importance of protecting private information from becoming public, 尤其是当这些信息很敏感的时候. 的 《美狮贵宾会》技术委员会 确定了一些在2022年需要关注的顶级网络安全趋势.

一些网络安全趋势包括:

  • Ransomware网络攻击: Companies may face ransomware attacks where their data and systems are held hostage in return for ransom. This type of cyberattack is believed to grow more this year and in the years to come. 根据福布斯技术委员会的数据, professionals need to be well-positioned and ready to deal with untrustworthy sources.

  • 5 g的漏洞: With the new reality of remote work, the cloud and 5G have become necessary for many businesses. 虽然5G有很多优势,但它可能会导致更多的网络攻击. 5G带来的高速数据传输可以让黑客不被发现, and it’s crucial for companies to implement higher security and roadblocks to access data.

  • 合成的身份: This type of fraud occurs when scammers develop a new persona using real and fake data in hopes of financially defrauding someone, 拿走他们的钱或其他资产. 例如, companies may need to increase security to confirm job candidate identities to prevent these synthetic identities from coming through. 

资讯保安工作

Interested in being a part of an information security team but unsure of where your skills could be best used? Exploring the different types of jobs available in information security can help you find an IT occupation that not only interests you but will put your information security expertise to the test. 

一些入门级的角色包括:

  • 信息安全分析师-作为一名信息安全分析师, 您将跟上最新的安全和技术趋势, and inform upper management when updates are available to better protect sensitive information. Your duties could also include installing security programs and firewalls and periodically testing for weaknesses in the company’s systems. 根据美国劳工统计局的数据,2021年该职位的薪资中值为10.26万美元.

  • 入侵 分析师 - 入侵 analysts are responsible for administering security-related hardware and software pieces, Glassdoor网站的报道. 他们在安全威胁开始之前就制定战略并做好准备, 在组织安全的第一线工作. 2022年,入侵分析人员的平均工资为92,489美元.

  • IT 审计师 - An IT auditor’s role is to assist an organization in protecting its data and controls within its technology systems. You will work to identify weaknesses in the technology and create ways to prevent security threats. Glassdoor报告称,2022年,IT审计人员的平均工资为97030美元.

  • 网络 安全 专家  - As a cyber security specialist you will implement systems to ensure electronic information remains secure. You’ll monitor systems for signs of threats and vulnerabilities within an organization's tech systems. 他们还培训其他人如何避免和识别网络安全威胁. Glassdoor网站的报道, that cyber security specialists earned an average salary of $88,930.

在信息安全领域有很多途径可以选择, and these entry-level positions are a great starting point for your career in the field.   

如何进入信息安全领域

信息安全是一个不断发展的领域,需要有知识的IT专业人员. Your bachelor’s degree can provide the expertise needed to meet the demand of organizations that want to step up their security game. 

有计算机技能和保护信息的能力, you’ll become an indispensable asset that any organization would be grateful to have on board.

Some popular degrees to consider if you hope to work in information security include:

作为一名大学生, you may have an opportunity to participate in National 网络 League (NCL) competitions and practice solving challenges cyber security professionals encounter in their field. 您可以专注于密码破解等领域, 网络流量分析和web应用程序开发, 根据 NCL. 在刚刚过去的这个春天,美狮贵宾会的团队位列 前10名.

Gaining experience as a computer or network systems administrator is also attractive to many businesses, 根据 美国劳工统计局.

的re are also a number of certifications in information security that can bolster your skills and potentially your resume, 包括 前年CySA + 网络安全分析师认证.

了解更多关于美狮贵宾会的信息 网络安全学士了解你要选什么课程, 你将学习到的技能以及如何询问有关该项目的信息. 

21岁的Alexa Gustavsen是美狮贵宾会的作家. 接通她的电话 LinkedIn.

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美狮贵宾会是一个 非营利组织在制度上认可的 university with a mission to make high-quality education more accessible and affordable for everyone.

Founded in 1932, and online since 1995, we’ve helped countless students reach their goals with 灵活,注重职业发展项目. 美狮贵宾会在曼彻斯特占地300英亩的校园, NH有超过3个,000名学生, 美狮贵宾会提供超过135种,000名学生在线. 访问美狮贵宾会关于美狮贵宾会 以了解更多关于美狮贵宾会的任务, 认证评估, 领导团队, 国家认可和奖项.